Korean Journal of Clinical Geriatrics

Indexed in /covered by CAS, KoreaScience & DOI/Crossref:eISSN 2383-5699   pISSN 1229-6538

Table. 1.

Table. 1.

General characteristics of coronavirus disease 2019 cases

Characteristics Mild case (n=149) Severe case (n=99) P value
Age, mean (standard deviation), years 72.99 (5.73) 77.77 (7.94) 0.000
Gender Male 43 (28.9%) 44 (44.4%) 0.014
Female 106 (71.1%) 55 (55.6%)
Comorbidity Hypertension 55 (49.5%) 36 (48.6%) 1.000
Diabetes mellitus 26 (23.4%) 25 (33.8%) 0.133
Coronary artery disease 6 (5.4%) 5 (6.8%) 0.757
Stroke 8 (7.2%) 6 (8.1%) 1.000
Asthma 5 (4.5%) 1 (1.4%) 0.404
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease 1 (0.9%) 2 (2.7%) 0.565
Heart failure 2 (1.8%) 4 (5.4%) 0.220
Chronic kidney disease 0 (0.0%) 4 (5.4%) 0.024
Liver disease 1 (0.9%) 1 (1.4%) 1.000
Thyroid disease 2 (1.8%) 2 (2.7%) 1.000
Dementia 4 (3.6%) 5 (6.8%) 0.487
Cancer 7 (6.3%) 4 (5.4%) 1.000
Other diseases 8 (7.2%) 8 (10.8%) 0.431
Total disease count 1.12 (0.99) 1.39 (1.18) 0.166
Symptoms No symptoms 26 (19.0%) 0 (0.0%) 0.000
Fever 15 (10.9%) 21 (38.9%) 0.000
Chill 22 (16.1%) 19 (35.2%) 0.006
Cough 60 (43.8%) 43 (79.65%) 0.000
Sputum 63 (46.0%) 35 (64.8%) 0.024
Rhinorrhea 39 (28.5%) 14 (25.9%) 0.858
Sore throat 26 (19.0%) 20 (37.0%) 0.014
Myalgia 24 (17.5%) 16 (29.6%) 0.076
Headache 30 (21.9%) 16 (29.6%) 0.266
Diarrhea 38 (27.7%) 20 (37.0%) 0.224
Dyspnea 12 (8.8%) 24 (44.4%) 0.000
Chest pain 22 (16.1%) 10 (18.5%) 0.672
Symptoms count 2.56 (2.34) 4.41 (2.48) 0.000
Chest X-ray Positive 99 (66.4%) 92 (92.9%) 0.000
Negative 50 (33.6%) 7 (7.1%)
CT scan Positive 73 (74.5%) 59 (90.8%) 0.014
Negative 25 (25.5%) 6 (9.2%)
Exposure History Within Family 33 (22.1%) 10 (10.1%) 0.016
From a co-worker or friend 14 (9.4%) 3 (3.0%) 0.071
From religious meeting 41 (27.5%) 13 (13.1%) 0.008
In-hospital 8 (5.4%) 22 (22.2%) 0.000
Others 2 (1.3%) 1 (1.0%) 1.000
Unknown 51 (34.2%) 50 (50.5%) 0.012

All % present the proportions of characteristics in the mild or severe case group with the exclusion of the missing values. P values were analyzed using the t-test or Mann-Whitney test for continuous variables, and the Fisher’s exact test for categorical variables.

Korean J Clin Geri 2021;22:34-39 https://doi.org/10.15656/kjcg.2021.22.1.34
© 2021 Korean J Clin Geri