Korean Journal of Clinical Geriatrics

Indexed in /covered by CAS, KoreaScience & DOI/Crossref:eISSN 2383-5699   pISSN 1229-6538

Table. 1.

Table. 1.

Characteristics of the study population by possible sarcopenia

Men Women
Total Possible sarcopenia Total Possible sarcopenia
Yes No P value Yes No P value
N 2,935 275 2,660 - 3,568 818 2,750 -
Age, years 69.0±0.1 75.9±0.4 68.4±0.1 <0.001 70.1±0.1 75.1±0.2 68.5±0.1 <0.001
Current smoking, % 22.7 17.1 23.1 0.077 2.6 3.2 2.5 0.003
Heavy drinking, % 35.9 14.4 37.4 <0.001 12.9 6.2 14.9 <0.001
Low physical activity, % 56.8 73.6 55.5 <0.001 67.5 81.4 63.6 <0.001
Low income, % 31.2 60.0 28.6 <0.001 44.0 60.6 39.0 <0.001
Education level, %
≤Elementary school 35.8 58.3 34.0 <0.001 65.7 84.8 60.4 <0.001
Middle or high school 43.8 31.9 44.7 27.8 13.3 31.8
≥College 20.4 9.8 21.3 6.5 1.9 7.8
Comorbidity, %
Diabetes 20.1 23.1 19.8 0.315 18.0 24.5 16.1 <0.001
Hypertension 48.5 47.8 48.6 0.844 50.9 58.8 48.5 <0.001
Dyslipidemia 22.1 12.6 23.0 <0.001 35.9 27.1 38.5 <0.001
Stroke 5.8 15.5 5.0 <0.001 4.0 6.0 3.4 0.003
Coronary artery disease 7.7 9.7 7.5 0.272 5.1 6.4 4.8 0.121
Cancer 5.4 6.7 5.3 0.528 4.4 4.7 4.3 0.703
Waist circumference, cm 86.4±0.2 84.0±0.7 86.6±0.2 <0.001 83.6±0.2 83.2±0.4 83.8±0.2 0.148
Body mass index, kg/m2 23.8±0.1 22.6±0.2 23.9±0.1 <0.001 24.4±0.1 24.0±0.1 24.6±0.1 0.001
Fasting glucose, mg/dL 109.7±0.6 109.8±2.9 109.6±0.7 0.963 106.0±0.6 107.6±1.3 105.6±0.6 0.148
Serum Cr, mg/dL 1.00±0.01 1.00±0.02 1.00±0.01 0.645 0.80±0.01 0.80±0.01 0.70±0.01 0.015
hsCRP, mg/dL 1.6±0.1 2.0±0.3 1.5±0.1 0.108 1.3±0.1 1.6±0.1 1.2±0.1 0.003
Total cholesterol, mg/dL 182.8±0.9 173.5±2.6 183.5±0.9 <0.001 194.3±0.8 190.6±1.8 195.3±0.9 0.021
Energy intake, kcal/d 1983.8±17.5 1615.2±44.3 2019.8±18.3 <0.001 1504.9±13.5 1312.5±27.1 1559.6±15.0 <0.001
Energy from
Carbohydrate, % 68.2±0.3 73.8±0.7 67.7±0.3 <0.001 73.3±0.3 76.1±0.5 72.5±0.3 <0.001
Fat, % 33.6±0.6 11.8±0.5 14.8±0.2 <0.001 24.9±0.4 12.3±0.3 14.9±0.2 <0.001
Protein, % 13.5±0.1 12.6±0.3 13.6±0.1 <0.001 13.1±0.1 12.3±0.2 13.3±0.1 <0.001
Protein intake, g/d 67.5±0.8 51.2±1.9 69.1±0.8 <0.001 49.7±0.6 41.0±1.1 52.1±0.6 <0.001
Handgrip strength, kg 35.8±0.2 21.9±0.2 37.0±0.2 <0.001 21.5±0.1 14.7±0.1 23.5±0.1 <0.001

Values are means±standard errors or percentages.

Cr, creatinine; hsCRP, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein.

Korean J Clin Geri 2021;22:40-46 https://doi.org/10.15656/kjcg.2021.22.1.40
© 2021 Korean J Clin Geri