Korean Journal of Clinical Geriatrics

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Table. 2.

Table. 2.

Baseline characteristics of patients and care-givers according to the IoT use and care place

All PCH PCH/PCU group
IoT users
(n=11)
IoT non-users
(n=78)
P-value IoT users
(n=5)
IoT non-users
(n=32)
P-value IoT users
(n=6)
IoT non-users
(n=46)
P-value
Patients’ characteristics
Age, yr (IQR) 77.0 (66.0―83.0) 69.5 (59.0―79.0) 0.174 77.0 (53.0―86.0) 77.5 (64.0―81.0) 0.983 77.5 (70.5―81.3) 66.5 (57.3―76.3) 0.035*
Male, N (%) 4 (36.4) 39 (50.0) 0.400 2 (40.0) 16 (50.0) 0.747 2 (33.3) 23 (50.0) 0.529
Marital Status, N (%) 0.950 0.328 0.318
Married 8 (72.7) 55 (70.5) 5 (100) 23 (71.9) 3 (50.0) 32 (69.6)
Divorced 0 3 (3.8) 0 0 0 3 (6.5)
Bereavement 2 (18.2) 19 (24.4) 0 9 (28.1) 2 (33.3) 10 (21.7)
Single or separate 1 (9.1) 1 (1.3) 0 0 1 (16.7) 1 (2.2)
Insurance type, N (%) 0.593 1.000 0.878
Medicaid 0 2 (2.6) 0 0 0 2 (4.4)
Health insurance 11 (100) 76 (97.4) 5 (100) 32 (100) 6 (100) 44 (95.7)
Religion, N (%) 0.292 0.949 0.219
Christian 2 (18.2) 16 (20.5) 2 (40.0) 7 (21.9) 0 9 (19.6)
Buddhist 1 (9.1) 25 (32.1) 0 (0) 13 (40.6) 1 (16.7) 12 (26.1)
Catholic 2 (18.2) 10 (12.8) 1 (20.0) 2 (6.3) 1 (16.7) 8 (17.4)
Others 6 (54.6) 27 (34.6) 2 (40.0) 10 (31.3) 4 (66.7) 17 (37.0)
Awareness of terminal stage, N (%) 11 (100) 68 (87.2) 0.210 5 (100) 26 (81.3) 0.531 6 (100) 42 (91.3) 0.748
Mentality, N (%) 0.990 0.914 0.878
Alert 10 (90.9) 71 (91.0) 4 (80.0) 27 (84.4) 6 (100) 44 (95.7)
Drowsy 1 (9.1) 5 (6.4) 1 (20.0) 3 (9.4) 0 2 (4.3)
Stupor 0 2 (2.6) 0 2 (6.3) 0 0
Preferred place for care, N (%) 0.741 0.914 0.769
Home 10 (90.9) 73 (93.6) 5 (100) 31 (96.9) 5 (83.3) 42 (91.3)
PCU 1 (9.1) 5 (6.4) 0 1 (3.1) 1 (16.7) 4 (8.7)
Care-givers’ characteristics
Age, yr (IQR) 51.0 (49.0−61.0) 53.0 (42.5―65.0) 0.938 61.0 (40.5―77.5) 51.0 (46.5―64.0) 0.411 50.0 (46.8―55.5) 55.0 (38.0―65.0) 0.404
Male, N (%) 3 (27.3) 20 (29.4) 0.886 2 (40.0) 9 (34.6) 0.856 1 (16.7) 11 (26.2) 0.727
Relation with patients, N (%) 0.496 0.620 0.219
Spouse 5 (45.5) 41 (52.6) 3 (60.0) 15 (46.9) 2 (33.3) 26 (56.5)
Parent 0 1 (1.3) 0 0 0 1 (2.2)
Child 5 (45.5) 35 (44.9) 2 (40.0) 16 (50.0) 3 (50.0) 19 (41.3)
Sibling 1 (9.1) 0 0 0 1 (16.7) 0
Child in law 0 1 (1.3) 0 1 (3.1) 0 0
No. of family living together (IQR) 1.0 (1.0―2.0) 1.5 (1.0―3.0) 0.265 2.0 (1.5―2.0) 1.0 (1.0―3.0) 0.682 1.0 (0.75―1.25) 2.0 (1.0―3.0) 0.078
Living with patient, N (%) 7 (63.6) 68 (87.2) 0.046* 5 (100) 26 (81.3) 0.531 2 (33.3) 42 (91.3) 0.020*

Values are presented as n (%) or median (interquartile range) unless otherwise indicated.

PCH, Palliative care at home; PCU, Palliative care unit.

P-value is from the Mann Whitney U test.

*Statistically significant.

Korean J Clin Geri 2021;22:93-103 https://doi.org/10.15656/kjcg.2021.22.2.93
© 2021 Korean J Clin Geri