Korean Journal of Clinical Geriatrics

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Table. 3.

Table. 3.

Medical utilization of patients according to the IoT use and type of care

Medical Utilization All PCH group PCH/PCU group
IoT users IoT non-users P-value IoT users IoT non-users P-value IoT users IoT non-users P-value
Place of Death, N 9 62 0.951 4 19 0.785 5 43 0.948
Home, N (%) 2 (22.2) 10 (16.1) 2 (50.0) 10 (52.6) 0 0
PCU, N (%) 5 (55.6) 42 (67.7) 0 0 5 (100) 42 (97.7)
Others, N (%) 2 (22.2) 10 (16.1) 2 (50.0) 9 (47.3) 0 1 (2.3)
Hospitalization, N 1.0 (1.0-3.0) 1.0 (1.0-1.0) 0.658 0 0 N.A 1.0 (1.0-3.0) 1.0 (1.0-2.0) 0.765
Length of stay per hospitalization, days (IQR) 8.0 (4.5-28.0) 11.0 (4.0-21.0) 0.892 0 0 N.A 11.0 (4.0-35.0) 11.0 (3.0-22.3) 0.962
Duration in PCH, days (IQR) 53.0 (45.0-67.0) 18.0 (6.5-38.5) 0.001* 56.0 (29.0-164.0) 13.0 (6.0-34.0) 0.041* 52.5 (39.5-63.3) 19.5 (6.8-39.5) 0.011*
Visitation in PCH, N (IQR)
Nurse 14.0 (9.0-17.0) 4.0 (2.0-7.0) 0.000* 14.0 (7.5-28.5) 3.0 (2.0-7.0) 0.022* 13.5 (7.8-17.0) 4.0 (2.0-7.0) 0.004*
Physician 1.0 (1.0-1.0) 1.0 (1.0-1.0) 1.000 1.0 (1.0-1.0) 1.0 (1.0-1.0) 1.000 1.0 (1.0-1.0) 1.0 (1.0-1.0) 1.000
Social worker, others 1.0 (1.0-2.0) 1.0 (1.0-2.0) 0.519 1.0 (1.0-1.0) 1.0 (1.0-1.8) 0.857 1.0 (1.0-1.0) 1.0 (1.0-2.0) 0.291
ER visit, N (IQR) 1.0 (1.0-1.0) 1.5 (1.0-2.0) 0.327 1.0 (1.0-1.0) 2.0 (1.5-3.0) 0.333 1.0 (1.0-1.0) 1.0 (1.0-2.0) 0.667
Telephone visit, N (IQR) 10.0 (8.0-30.0) 5.0 (4.0-5.0) 0.001* 15.0 (8.5-27.5) 4.5 (4.0-5.0) 0.004* 10.0 (5.0-10.0) 5.0 (3.8-11.0) 0.217

Values are presented as n (%) or median (interquartile range) unless otherwise indicated.

PCH, palliative care at home; PCU, palliative care unit; LOS, length of stay; KRW, Korean won.

P-value is from the Mann Whitney U test.

*Statistically significant.

Korean J Clin Geri 2021;22:93-103 https://doi.org/10.15656/kjcg.2021.22.2.93
© 2021 Korean J Clin Geri