Korean Journal of Geriatrics & Gerontology

Indexed in /covered by CAS, KoreaScience & DOI/Crossref:eISSN 2383-5699   pISSN 1229-6538

Table. 1.

Table. 1.

Demographic and clinical characteristics of the study population

Total Female Male
Hyperuricemia P Hyperuricemia P
No Yes No Yes
Total
N 12,709 6,462 474 4,785 988
Percent 100.0 93.7±0.3 6.3±0.3 82.7±0.6 17.3±0.6
Age (year) <0.001 0.003
40 to <60 70.3±0.7 69.0±0.9 56.2±2.7 71.4±0.8 76.6±1.5
60 to <80 27.0±0.7 27.9±0.8 35.3±2.6 26.6±0.8 21.5±1.5
≥80 2.7±0.2 3.2±0.3 8.4±1.3 2.0±0.2 1.9±0.4
Education <0.001 0.477
Elementary school or less 15.2±0.5 20.0±0.8 31.9±2.4 10.0±0.5 8.9±0.9
Middle school 10.3±0.4 10.6±0.5 14.1±1.9 10.0±0.5 9.0±1.1
High school 35.9±0.6 37.1±0.8 29.5±2.6 35.4±0.9 35.0±1.8
College or above 38.6±0.9 32.3±0.9 24.5±2.4 44.7±1.1 47.1±1.9
Household income <0.001 0.862
Low 14.1±0.5 16.3±0.7 26.2±2.3 11.4±0.6 11.7±1.1
Mid-low 22.6±0.6 23.1±0.7 27.7±2.5 22.0±0.7 20.7±1.6
Mid-high 28.9±0.6 28.1±0.7 18.9±2.0 30.2±0.8 30.0±1.8
High 34.4±0.8 32.5±0.9 27.2±2.5 36.5±1.0 37.5±1.9
Alcohol intake (g/day) <0.001 <0.001
0 12.4±0.4 20.2±0.6 24.6±2.2 5.1±0.4 2.7±0.6
<16 66.1±0.5 74.1±0.6 62.3±2.5 59.9±0.8 55.5±1.8
16-40 13.0±0.4 4.3±0.3 8.7±1.5 20.4±0.7 24.3±1.6
>40 8.5±0.3 1.4±0.2 4.4±1.2 14.6±0.6 17.5±1.4
Smoking <0.001 0.094
Never smoked 53.1±0.5 90.3±0.4 84.9±2.0 18.6±0.7 15.1±1.4
Ex-smoker 25.0±0.4 5.1±0.3 5.9±1.3 43.6±0.8 46.1±1.9
Current smoker 21.8±0.5 4.6±0.3 9.3±1.5 37.8±0.9 38.8±1.8
Physical activity 0.487 0.715
Low 65.3±0.6 66.9±0.7 68.8±2.5 63.7±0.8 64.0±1.8
Moderate 26.8±0.5 27.5±0.7 27.0±2.5 26.3±0.8 25.2±1.6
High 7.8±0.3 5.6±0.3 4.2±1.0 10.0±0.5 10.8±1.2
Resistance exercise (/week) 0.269 0.881
0 times 74.7±0.5 82.3±0.6 85.4±1.9 67.2±0.8 67.2±1.7
1-3 times 14.4±0.4 11.1±0.5 8.3±1.5 17.7±0.7 18.2±1.4
≥4 times 10.9±0.3 6.6±0.3 6.2±1.4 15.1±0.6 14.6±1.3
Abdominal obesity <0.001 <0.001
No 64.1±0.5 70.5±0.7 42.0±2.7 62.2±0.8 47.9±1.8
Yes 35.9±0.5 29.5±0.7 58.0±2.7 37.8±0.8 52.1±1.8
Elevated fasting glucose <0.001 0.103
No 55.2±0.5 64.7±0.7 47.4±2.6 47.7±0.9 44.3±1.9
Yes 44.8±0.5 35.3±0.7 52.6±2.6 52.3±0.9 55.7±1.9
High triglycerides <0.001 <0.001
No 66.7±0.5 79.6±0.6 55.2±2.6 59.8±0.8 37.3±1.8
Yes 33.3±0.5 20.4±0.6 44.8±2.6 40.2±0.8 62.7±1.8
Low HDL-cholesterol <0.001 <0.001
No 67.3±0.5 63.4±0.8 46.9±2.7 74.0±0.8 62.5±1.8
Yes 32.7±0.5 36.6±0.8 53.1±2.7 26.0±0.8 37.5±1.8
Elevated blood pressure <0.001 <0.001
No 65.1±0.6 70.5±0.7 59.8±2.6 62.4±0.8 51.7±1.9
Yes 34.9±0.6 29.5±0.7 40.2±2.6 37.6±0.8 48.3±1.9
Estimated GFR* <0.001 <0.001
≥90 59.1±0.6 65.7±0.8 38.3±2.8 57.1±0.9 41.9±1.9
60 to <90 38.6±0.6 33.1±0.7 46.3±2.6 41.2±0.9 51.3±1.9
<60 2.3±0.1 1.1±0.2 15.3±1.8 1.7±0.2 6.8±0.8
AMD 0.147 0.001
No 87.2±0.4 88.4±0.5 86.2±1.6 85.5±0.6 89.7±1.1
Yes 12.8±0.4 11.6±0.5 13.8±1.6 14.5±0.6 10.3±1.1

Data are expressed as estimates of percentage±standard errors. *Estimated GFR are represented in units of mL/min/1.73 m2. P values were calculated by Pearson chi square test with Rao-Scott adjustment. HDL, high-density lipoprotein; GFR, glomerular filtration rates; AMD, age-related macular degeneration.

Korean J Geriatr Gerontol 2023;24:104-114 https://doi.org/10.15656/kjcg.2023.24.3.104
© 2023 Korean J Geriatr Gerontol